UPPSC Mains Syllabus: Everything You Need to Know


UPPSC Mains Syllabus: The Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission (UPPSC) conducts the Provincial Civil Services (PCS) examination for recruitment to various administrative positions within the state.

The UPPSC Mains exam is a crucial step in this selection process. In this article, we will delve into the comprehensive details of the UPPSC Mains syllabus, providing you with valuable insights to excel in this examination.

Understanding the UPPSC Mains Syllabus

General Studies

The General Studies paper covers a wide range of topics that are essential for a well-rounded understanding of the world. It includes subjects like history, geography, polity, economy, environment, science, and current affairs.

Essay Writing

The essay paper evaluates candidates’ ability to express their thoughts coherently on various topics. It assesses their writing skills, critical thinking, and analytical abilities.

Optional Subjects

Candidates are required to choose optional subjects from a list provided by the UPPSC. These subjects can range from literature and sciences to engineering and humanities. It’s crucial to pick subjects you’re comfortable with and have a strong grasp on.

Detailed Breakdown of the UPPSC Mains Syllabus

General Studies

History and Indian Culture

This section covers ancient, medieval, and modern Indian history, along with aspects of Indian culture, art, architecture, and heritage.


Geography encompasses both physical and human geography, focusing on topics like geomorphology, climate, agriculture, population, urbanization, and more.

Indian Polity

This section deals with the Indian political system, constitution, governance, and the structure of various institutions in the country.


Candidates need to understand economic concepts, national and international economic organizations, budgeting, and major economic policies.

General Science

This area tests candidates’ knowledge of scientific principles, recent advancements, and their application in everyday life.

Current Affairs

Being aware of current events, both national and international, is essential. This section evaluates candidates’ awareness and understanding of recent developments.

Essay Writing

Critical Analysis

Candidates are expected to critically analyze the given topic, presenting a balanced view supported by facts and logical reasoning.

Coherence and Structure

The essay should have a clear structure with a well-defined introduction, body, and conclusion. Ideas should flow logically, ensuring a coherent and engaging read.

Optional Subjects

In-depth knowledge of the chosen optional subjects is crucial. This section evaluates candidates’ expertise in their chosen fields.

Tips for UPPSC Mains Preparation

  • Understand the Syllabus: Comprehending the syllabus thoroughly is the first step. It helps in effective planning and allocation of time.
  • Regular Revision: Consistent revision of key topics aids in retaining information and improving recall during the examination.
  • Practice Writing: Regularly practice essay writing and answer writing for the optional subjects. This enhances writing skills and time management.
  • Stay Updated: Keep yourself updated with current affairs through newspapers, magazines, and reliable online sources.


The UPPSC Mains examination is a significant opportunity to showcase your knowledge, skills, and understanding of various subjects. By thoroughly understanding the syllabus and implementing effective preparation strategies, you can increase your chances of success. Remember, consistent effort and a strategic approach are key to conquering this examination.


  1. Can I choose any optional subjects for the UPPSC Mains? Yes, you can choose any two optional subjects from the provided list. Make sure to choose subjects you are comfortable with.
  2. Is the essay paper in English only? Yes, the essay paper is conducted in English only.
  3. Are there any negative markings in the UPPSC Mains exam? No, there are no negative markings for incorrect answers.
  4. How can I improve my essay writing skills? Practice regularly, focus on improving coherence and structure, and seek feedback from mentors or experts.
  5. Is the UPPSC Mains syllabus subject to change? The syllabus might undergo minor changes occasionally. It’s advisable to refer to the official UPPSC website for the latest updates.
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