General Studies Paper 2 Syllabus for UPSC Mains Exam

General Studies Paper 2 Syllabus Introduction: The UPSC Civil Services Mains Examination consists of nine papers, and Paper 3 is the General Studies Paper 2.

This paper focuses on various aspects of governance, economics, technology, environment, and disaster management. This essay provides a comprehensive syllabus for Paper 3 of the UPSC Civil Services Mains Examination.

General Studies Paper 2 Syllabus

Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice, and International Relations:

  • a. Indian Constitution, its features, and amendments.
  • b. Role and functions of various constitutional bodies.
  • c. Issues and challenges in governance and administration.
  • d. Devolution of powers and decentralization.
  • e. Rights, duties, and responsibilities of citizens.
  • f. International relations, bilateral and multilateral agreements.

Welfare Schemes for Vulnerable Sections of the population:

  • a. Social welfare programs for women, children, and elderly.
  • b. Government initiatives for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Other Backward Classes.
  • c. Welfare schemes for persons with disabilities.
  • d. Poverty alleviation programs and rural development initiatives.
  • e. Health and education-related schemes.

Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors:

  • a. Economic policies and their impact on various sectors.
  • b. Agricultural reforms and rural development programs.
  • c. Industrial and infrastructure development policies.
  • d. Education, health, and skill development initiatives.
  • e. Science and technology policies for innovation and research.
  • f. Environmental and ecological policies for sustainable development.

Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security, and Disaster Management:

  • a. Role of technology in governance and service delivery.
  • b. Economic development models and their impact on society.
  • c. Conservation of biodiversity and wildlife protection.
  • d. Environmental pollution, climate change, and mitigation measures.
  • e. Internal security challenges and their management.
  • f. Disaster management and preparedness.

Topics Covered: The topics within each subject area may vary, but they generally cover a wide range of aspects related to governance, economics, technology, environment, and disaster management. Some common themes include:

General Studies Paper 2 Syllabus

Governance and Administration:

  • a. Good governance, transparency, and accountability.
  • b. E-governance initiatives and digital transformation.
  • c. Administrative reforms for efficient service delivery.
  • d. Ethical and moral dimensions of governance.
  • e. Role of civil society organizations in governance.

Economic Development:

  • a. Economic growth, development models, and planning.
  • b. Inclusive growth and poverty eradication.
  • c. Agriculture, industry, and service sector growth.
  • d. Foreign trade, investment, and global economic integration.
  • e. Infrastructure development and urbanization.

Environmental Conservation and Climate Change:

  • a. Conservation of natural resources and biodiversity.
  • b. Sustainable development and green initiatives.
  • c. Pollution control and environmental regulations.
  • d. Climate change, global warming, and adaptation measures.
  • e. Forest and wildlife conservation.

Disaster Management and National Security:

  • a. Disaster management frameworks and policies.
  • b. Disaster preparedness, mitigation, and response.
  • c. Cybersecurity and challenges in the digital age.
  • d. Internal security threats and their management.
  • e. Border management and cross-border issues.

Conclusion: The General Studies Paper 2 Syllabus in the UPSC Civil Services Mains Examination covers a wide range of subjects related to governance, economics, technology, environment, and disaster management.

Candidates must have a comprehensive understanding of these topics, their interconnections, and their relevance to the Indian context.

It is crucial to analyze and critically evaluate government policies, initiatives, and challenges in these areas.

Candidates should also stay updated with current affairs, government schemes, and international relations to provide well-rounded answers.

See Also

Essay WritingClick here
GS paper 1Click here
GS paper 1Click here
GS paper 1Click here
Hindi LanguageClick here
English LanguageClick here
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